Agriculture Technology And Different Machinery Used In Agriculture
Agriculture is the science of fertilizing the soil, growing plants, and raising domestic animals. Agriculture refers to cultivating the land, sowing the seed, waiting for growing and harvesting the crops, and threshing. It contributes the most significant part of our economy. Through agriculture, we fulfill our daily needs. Agriculture technology is very important for new climatic and seasonal changes.
Technology is to work with scientific knowledge for practical purposes for the convenience of human beings. Technology is the change in the human environment. It includes gadgets but also techniques and skills. It seems like all technology is only electronic-based, but some are modern technologies.
Modern farms and agricultural operations work far differently than a few decades ago. Doing agriculture with technology is called agricultural technology. Technologies like robot sensors and GPS technology are used for agriculture. The technologies can make work done faster and more efficient. Cropping faster will result in profit and beneficiary to the owner. Robotic agriculture makes agriculture more eco-friendly. You don’t need to go into the fields. You don’t need to spray pesticides or spread fertilizer over the area. In the early days, agriculture was tricky because of no technologies in this sector. Now it has become very vast and modern. The technology currently allows viewing your fields without going there using GPS.
In preceding years, farmers sow the seed by hand technique one by one. The seed drill is the latest technology for sowing seeds. It developed the sowing by drilling seeds. After this technology, no excess supply of sources is needed. It reduces the overlapping of crops.
Working of seed drill
A seed drill is the best example of development. It is a particular kind of vehicle used in agriculture.The seed drill sows the seed in evenly position. That drilled the seed at a reasonable seed rate, depth, and distance in a row. A seed drill is used to seed wheat, barley, cereals, peas, lentils, etc.
It has adjustable planting legs. It drills the land. Soe the seed with higher pressure. Then, cover the seed with soil. That will save the seed from birds, insects, and dryness. It works with a three-row chisel which makes your work easy. Before burying the seed, it also adjusts the seed. This technology saves time as well as labor. When you combine precision and pneumatic technology, you may get good results.
You can drill two to three types of seed at a time. Sowing by this machine will reduce the cost of sources and investments. And the result will be good and have an enormous amount of crops.
Bio-fertilizer technology is taking more place compared to the last few decades. Farmers spread fertilizers by hand. That doesn’t appear how much to put in.
A large quantity of fertilizer can damage crops. Those fertilizers were made up of chemicals that harm crops and pollute the air. Bio-fertilizers are environment-friendly. It doesn’t hurt crops. With bio-fertilizer, we get a large amount of product with better grain. Bio-fertilizer doesn’t contain chemicals and acids. Due to those acidic fertilizers, the food quality is deficient and inorganic.
Dung waste and agricultural waste are raw materials for fertilizer. That material is firstly crushed and then undergoes a mixing process. Dry the moisture and cool the fertilizer. That makes particles stronger. Each component of fertiliser contains potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen.
Application of fertilizers
The fertilizer is applied by putting it on the soil near a plant. That will help in the plant’s fast growth and make plants rich in nutrients. Always put dry granular fertilizer. Don’t use liquid fertilizer—split fertilizer among the rooted area.
- Check the soil where you are planting.
- Choose a good and balanced fertilizer.
- Spread liquid fertilizer in the leaves of the plants because leaves also need nutrients.
- Split dry granular fertilizer near the roots with the help of a spade.
Thresher is farm machinery that is used for separating grains and crops. A few decades before, farmers beat the crop by flailing and by hooves of animals. A few years later, farmers used vehicles to drive the yields. The advantage was it gives hundreds of kg in an hour. But the disadvantage was more significant, it pressed the grain in the soil, and sometimes it broke.
The function of the thresher
The feature of the thresher is it takes crops, rubs, brush, and rotate them.
The principle of the thresher is to separate the grain from the stalk. The stalk and chaff are soft materials. Thresher broke the branch and chaff into pieces by rubbing it. There, some impurities are separated. But the grains are hard, so they don’t get affected or broken.
Then the grain has to be brushed. Then the brushing stage occurs in which the grain is to be touched and cleaned of any dirt. The grain is separated from one another during rotation.
Livestock breeding technologies
Livestock refers to animals that we use for our needs. Livestock animals are beneficial because of their products and skins. The animals were earlier used to feed in fields. But nowadays, technologies take place everywhere.
Livestock technology enhances or improves the productivity of livestock—farmers or management of livestock monitor the animals by use of cameras all over the body. Monitors show the body, eating habits, and daily production of products, acids, and fats.
Precision Agriculture Technology
Precision technology uses satellite imagery or field mapping to improve quality. Precision agriculture technologies provide you with all the information about your farm.
The functionality of Agriculture Technology
- It provides information about fertilizer, pesticides, and irrigation.
- It doesn’t hurt the environment in any way.
Sensors in Agriculture Technology
There are many sensors used in agriculture. Farmers are doing agriculture by using sensors in art farming.
Optical Sensors in Agriculture
It detects the soil and plant color. These sensors are placed on vehicles or drones. These sensors determine the soil and the growth of plants.
ElectroChemical Sensors detect the nutrition in the soil. It also sees chemical collaboration with soil.
Mechanical Soil Sensors
Mechanical Soil sensors sense the force in the soil, which further affects the growth of the soil. It also detects the nutrition quantity and quality.
Di-electric Moisture Sensors
That sensor detects the moisture present in the soil. It provides the condition status of a farm after rain or after watering.
Location Sensors find out the location. Location sensors also detect the range and height. It locates with the help of GPS or Satellite systems.
Airflow sensors identify the climate conditions. It helps to indicate the temperature, rain, and flow of air and measures atmospheric pressure.
A few decades ago, farmers didn’t have any technology. They use both their hands and animals when working. Technology develops afterward, and the agriculture industry is vast in technology. You are no longer required to enter the fields. You can watch all the crops and watering areas on your mobile phones.
Here we are discussing the latest agricultural technology. Like all other sectors, it is also changing to a market economy and undergoing significant changes to its social, legal, productive, and supply setups.